Category Archives: Towing

Empire Farm Days 2015 Show

IMG_1474The 2015 Empire Farm Days Show marked the 25th year of our participation. Of those 25 years, this year was by far the best 3 days of weather, not too hot and not too rainy or muddy. Empire Farm Days Show at Rodman Lot Farms in Seneca Falls, NY was on August 11, 12, and 13th 2015. The interest in our products was in greater demand than the past and the event had record attendance on the final day.

Our 15,000 square foot lot (309) was filled with over 45 different trailers from our 4 main trailer companies; Featherlite, Corn Pro, Belmont and Aluma. For the first time this year, Mission Trailers were also added to the lineup. Mission offers a value combination horse trailer. Its popularity is proven due to selling 3 at this show. Speaking of sales, 75% of our total representation was sold at this year’s show. Our aesthetically pleasing lot with a diverse product line consisted of motorcycle snowmobile, open and enclosed car, horse, cattle, utility, flatbed, dump and cargo. All of these models were shown in both steel and aluminum construction. As always, our Aluma truck beds were a hit.

This year we also expanded our Holland Grill display. A representative from HG Distributing joined us for Farm Show along with a huge demo trailer filled with goodies. We offered tasty samples off of the Holland Grill including salmon, chicken legs, meatloaf, pizza, sausage and biscuits, a whole turkey and more.

March 2015 DOT Seminar At Davis’ Trailer World

It was a chilly snowy day in western NY as you never know what March will dole out. The giant snow piles of 2015 are almost gone, good thing as we needed parking space. Even though the weather was still poor thing were ramping up fast for the year. We had greater response than expected for attendees to our planned afternoon DOT forum presented by Srgt. Schramm of the NYS police. Plan was to open up space within the store to hold this but it became evident there was just not enough room to do both. The shop techs had to start extra early this day to complete their scheduled work, clean up and set up for 60 some attendees.

This worked out well as our evening session was planned like this anyhow. Coffee and other hot drinks along with popcorn, donuts and soft drinks were offered to all. This entire event and all supplies courtesy of Davis Trailer World and NYS Police.


At 1:30 in the afternoon the session began. Topics covered dealt with type of carrier (private or commerce), License requirements of operator and at what weights these change ( class A,B, C, D ) driver record keeping and hours of service(log book & Pre trip inspection) These sound simple but can become rather complex. This portion lasted about 1.5 hours and many questions were asked and answered by Sgt. Schramm. After a short break we covered equipment, ratings and required devices of both power unit (truck) and trailer. Again this varies widely by weight and class of operation. Sgt. Schramm spent a full hour on these topics, again many questions were fielded.

The last section covered load securement. We had 2 trailers with equipment loaded on them. something’s were correct and some not. This was intentional. Sgt. Schramm explained direct vs indirect tie down, working load limits of various tie down equipment. How to properly handle combustible materials hauled and proper connection (hitching) of truck to trailer.

The group was very attentive, loaded with questions and a desire to learn. Although we may not all agree with the laws and rules at least we know what they are. We all have the choice to follow them or ignore, it’s just a matter of the consequence. There are a couple of simple reasons I believe in this type of event and are willing to sacrifice my time money and efforts. The line “nobody told me that” I become tired of hearing, the question “how are we supposed to know that” well this is how. All of this information is available from state and federal web sites. Also this educates myself and my staff to help guide our customers. Getting the right product, components and knowledge are all part of our task when filling an order.

At 6:30 pm we got into our evening session and covered all the same topics. Several people waited to talk with Sgt. Schramm and myself to go over certain “gray area” topics. It was a very long day , finally locked up just after 11pm. As we have done for the last several years there are more of these to come in the future. In the meantime please feel free to call, if I don’t know I should be able to find out or direct you to someone that does.

Everything You Need To Know About Your Trailer Hitch

Hitch Terminology:

GTW = Gross Trailer Weight – the weight of the trailer fully loaded

TW=Tongue Weight-The downward force that is exerted on the hitch ball by the coupler. The tongue weight will vary depending on where the load ia positioned in relationship to the trailer axle(s).

WC = Weight Carrying – The total weight of both the trailer and cargo inside. Never exceed the weight capacity of your trailer hitch. This applies to loads without a weight distribution system

WD = Weight Distributing – Used to balance the weight of the cargo between the front and rear wheels throughout the trailer, allowing for better steering, braking, and level riding. Not to be used on class 1 or 2 receivers, or with surge-brakes.

To select the right hitch for your vehicle:

1. Check the towing capacity of you tow vehicle.
2. Determine the gross trailer weight (GTW) of your tow item.
3. Select the class of hitch rated for you vehicle.

*NOTE: Never tow a trailer with a gross trailer weight greater than the vehicle manufacture’s rating. It could cause damage to the vehicle’s engine transmission and frame. And could void any manufacture’s warranties. A higher class of hitch DOES NOT increase the vehicle’s tow capacity.

Hitch Ball:

Always be sure that the ball size & trailer coupler size are matched, and weight rating is sufficient for the trailer being towed.


Weight Distributing Hitch Systems:

“Also referred to as sway bars, leveling bars, etc.” are designed to increase the capacity of the towing system when added to a Class III, IV or V trailer hitch. The idea is to distribute the load of the trailer evenly to the entire tow vehicle and trailer wheels. To accomplish this, spring bars are used to absorb load and level the trailer. This offers a more level ride, improved steering and increased braking control, all the while enhancing towing safety.

trunnion weight dist. hitch

Trunnion Style Weight Distribution Hitch is the Most Common. (as shown above)

What is included with a Weight Distribution Hitch?

  • Adjustable Weight Distribution Shank
  • Spring Bars
  • Adjustable Ball Mount
  • Hook-up Brackets
  • Hook-up Chains
  • Pin & Clip (not pictured)

*Note: Weight Distribution Hitches DO NOT include hitch ball Recommend 2 5/16” A-6 or 2” A-90 Trailer Ball

Check Level of the Trailer:

Always try to maintain the trailer coupler & vehicle hitch in a level position to help minimize fishtailing. Fishtailing refers to the erratic side to side movement of the trailer. It is important when towing a trailer whether it is a bumper pull or a gooseneck style to achieve a level position when loaded. The reason for this is that you want to have an even weight displacement on the axles. For example, if the trailer is to high in the front excessive stress may be applied to the rear axle and/or if the front of the trailer is to low the front axle may become stressed. In extreme cases this can lead to axle failure due to overloading. When hitching up to an unloaded trailer we recommend having the trailer set up slightly higher in the front to allow for settling once the trailer is loaded. Further adjustment of trailer front height may be required as load conditions change.

Cargo Placement:

Always keep your load balanced front/back & side/side as not to have too much or too little weight on the tongue. The tongue weight should never exceed 10% of the Gross Towing Weight.

Load Securement:

Make sure that all items are properly secured inside & on the trailer. The driver is responsible for anything that may separate from the trailer.

Axle Types:

Torsion Axle
Torsion Axle

 Torflex® axles are designed as a completely self-contained axle and suspension system. This trailing arm type torsion axle employs natural rubber cords supporting heat treated inner bars of solid, medium carbon steel. Press-fitted and welded to the ends of this independently floating bar are high strength steel torsion arm/spindle assemblies. These arms can be specified to a range of starting angles, which allow the designer to tailor the running height of the vehicle.

Spring Axle
Spring Axle

Leaf Spring axles utilize high strength steel spindles welded to high strength tubing to form an axle beam. The spindles are usually available in either a straight or drop design to help designers establish the desired frame height or ground clearance. Leaf springs are attached to the axle using u-bolts and can be positioned either under or over the tube. Use under mounted springs (underslung) to lower the frame height and over mounted springs (overslung) to raise the frame height.

Ball Mounts:

The ball mount is placed inside the opening of the receiver hitch which is mounted to the vehicle. Make sure a hitch pin is properly securing the ball mount to the receiver hitch before you begin towing. Ball mounts are grouped into three (3) styles.

Style Type 1 – Used for vehicle and trailer equally level towing


Style Type 2 – Used for vehicle and trailer NOT equally level towing
Style Type 3 – Straight Cut

Trailer Ball:

Trailer BallThe most important connection from the hitch to the trailer.

There are many factors that determine the correct hitch ball:

  • Most important is the hitch ball’s gross trailer weight rating
  • The mounting platform must be at least 3/8″ think
  • The hole diameter must not be more than 1/16″ larger than the threaded shank
  • Every time you tow, check the nut and lock washer to make sure they are fastened securely



The component that is placed over the trailer ball to connect the vehicle to the trailer. Be sure that the coupler size matches the size of the hitch ball and that the coupler handle is securely fastened. To determine what size hitch ball you need for your application you will need to know the size of the coupler that is on the trailer. Be sure your coupler is properly adjusted to the ball you are using.

Pin & Clip:


For securing all ball mounts to receiver style hitches. Hitch Locks protect against ball mount theft.



Safety Chains: Safety Chains must always be cross hookedsafetychains

Safety chains are a requirement and should be crossed under the tongue of the trailer so that the tongue will not drop to the road if it becomes separated form the hitch. Always leave enough slack so you can turn. Never allow the safety chains to drag on the ground and never attach the chains to the bumper.

Trailer Classification: Safety Chain Breaking Force – Minimum
Class 1: 2,000 lbs. (8.9 kN)
Class 2: 3,500 lbs. (15.6 kN)
Class 3: 5,000 lbs. (22.2 kN)

The strength rating of each length of safety chain or its equivalent and its attachments shall be equal to or exceed in minimum breaking force the GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating) of the trailer.

***Every time you tow, be sure to check that all electrical components are working properly – trailer lights, electrical brakes, break-away systems.

Towing Terminology

Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW): is not a rating, it is the actual maximum weight of the tow vehicle when it is fully loaded including all options, cargo, personal belongings, food, water and LP gas.

Gross Combined Weight Rating (GCWR): is the maximum permissible combined weight of the tow vehicle and the trailer together when they are fully loaded for travel.

Unlaiden / Unloaded Vehicle Weight or Dry Weight (UVW) or (DW): is the actual weight of the tow vehicle or trailer as built at the factory. The UVW does not include passengers, cargo, dealer installed options, personal belongings, water, or LP gas.

Vehicle Tow Rating: Make sure your tow vehicle is capable of towing the intended trailer or accessory. The trailer or accessory and the vehicle work together in determining the maximum capacity. In no case should the GTW or TW exceed the towing capacity of your vehicle, your trailer or your accessory. Find this information in the vehicle owners manual or, look under “tow ratings”.

Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR): Is the maximum weight of the fully loaded trailer, as published on the Certification / VIN label. Actual weight determined by weighing trailer on a public scale, without being attached to the towing vehicle.

Hitch Weight: The downward force exerted on the hitch ball by the trailer coupler.

Maximum Loaded Vehicle Weight: The sum of curb weight, accessory weight, vehicle capacity weight, and production options weight.

Gross Axle Weight Rating (GAWR): The maximum weight that any axle can support, as published on the Certification / VIN label on the front left side of the trailer. Actual weight determined by weighing each axle on a public scale, with the trailer attached to the towing vehicle.

Both tire and VIN certification labels are permanently attached to the trailer near the left front corner or on the tongue of the trailer.

Both Tire And VIN Certification Labels are permanently attached to your tow vehicle on the drivers door panel or on the column behind drivers door. See owners manual for further details or specifications.